Laptop Repair Training in Kathmandu, Nepal

Advance level laptop training in Nepal

Advanced laptop repair training in Nepal is a crucial opportunity for individuals aiming to boost their expertise in this field. At Alliance Institute in Kathmandu, Nepal, participants can engage in a detailed curriculum covering advanced hardware and software troubleshooting, sophisticated diagnostic methods, and modern repair techniques designed specifically for laptops. Understanding laptop systems is essential due to their widespread use and importance in today’s digital world.

The demand for skilled technicians proficient in laptop repair is high in Nepal’s job market, underlining the importance of comprehensive and advanced training programs like the one offered at Alliance Institute. By completing this intensive training, individuals can not only improve their job prospects but also make significant contributions to Nepal’s growing laptop repair industry.

During the training, participants will explore complex laptop systems and gain hands-on experience in diagnosing and fixing intricate hardware and software issues. The program equips them with the expertise needed to confidently handle a variety of laptop repair challenges, ensuring they are well-prepared to succeed in the industry and excel in their careers as capable laptop technicians.

Introduction to Electronics and Computers for Laptop Repair Training

For those embarking on Laptop Repair Training, especially beginners, this module serves as a crucial introduction to the realms of electronics and computers. We start from the basics, assuming no prior knowledge, and gradually guide you through the essential concepts of computer theory. You will be introduced to fundamental software tools used by professionals to diagnose, troubleshoot, and maintain computer systems effectively.

Moving forward, we delve into hardware exploration, where you’ll gain insights into various types of computers and their components, known as Field Replaceable Units (FRUs). Understanding these components’ functions and roles is essential for successful laptop repair, and this module provides a solid foundation in hardware comprehension.

Transitioning to an in-depth Introduction to Electronics, we explore the intricate theory underlying electronic systems. You’ll delve into the functioning principles of electronic components, learning how to identify, locate, and understand their roles on a circuit board. This comprehensive approach aims to equip you with a robust foundational understanding of both computer and electronic concepts, setting the stage for more advanced topics in Laptop Repair Training.

By the end of this module, you’ll have a solid grasp of computer theory, hardware components, and electronic principles, providing a strong foundation for diving into the intricacies of laptop repair and troubleshooting with confidence.

Introduction to Fundamentals of Computers for for Laptop Repair Training

Mastering computer basics is crucial for anyone delving into advanced computing concepts. Without a strong understanding of computer fundamentals, navigating through complex technologies can be challenging and prone to errors. At Alliance, based in Kathmandu, Nepal, we recognize the significance of computer basics. That’s why our training center places a strong emphasis on equipping learners with a solid foundation in computer essentials. We believe that a strong grasp of computer basics not only builds confidence but also serves as a stepping stone for tackling more advanced topics with ease and efficiency.

Understanding Computer Basics

– Definition of a Computer: In this section, we’ll explore what exactly a computer is, its fundamental purpose, and how it functions as a digital device.

Input Process Output Storage (IPOS)

– Overview of IPOS: We’ll delve into the Input Process Output Storage concept, which forms the core framework of how computers operate.

– Input Devices: Discussing various input devices such as keyboards, mice, touchscreens, etc., and how they facilitate user interactions with computers.

– Processing Units: Exploring components like the CPU (Central Processing Unit), GMCH (Graphics and Memory Controller Hub), ICH (Input/Output Controller Hub), etc., which handle data processing tasks.

– Output Devices: Understanding output devices like displays (monitors), speakers, printers, etc., that present processed information to users.

– Storage Devices: Explaining storage devices such as RAM (Random Access Memory), SSD (Solid State Drive), hard drives, etc., which store data temporarily or permanently.

Hardware to Software Transition

– Hardware vs. Software: Differentiating between hardware (physical components of a computer) and software (programs, applications, and operating systems).

– Interactions Between Hardware and Software: Explaining how software interacts with hardware, processes data, and produces meaningful outputs for users.

Introduction to Operating Systems

– Structure of Operating Systems: Providing an overview of operating system components such as the kernel, file system, device drivers, etc.

– Ring Model: Understanding the hierarchical privilege levels within an operating system, known as the “ring” model.

– User Interface (UI): Exploring the graphical and/or command-line interfaces through which users interact with the operating system.

– Shell: Introducing the shell, a command-line interpreter that facilitates communication between users and the OS.

– Kernel: Explaining the kernel’s role as the core component of the operating system responsible for managing system resources and executing processes.

Introduction to Number Systems

– Binary, Decimal, Hexadecimal: Exploring the basics of binary (base-2), decimal (base-10), and hexadecimal (base-16) number systems used in computing.

– Storage Unit: Understanding the concept of storage units like bits, bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, etc., and their role in data representation.

– How Computer Represents Information: Delving into how computers encode, store, process, and retrieve information using binary digits.

Storage and Processing Device’s (CPU RAM SSD) Relation

– Understanding the Relationship: Explaining the interactions and dependencies between the CPU (Central Processing Unit), RAM (Random Access Memory), and SSD (Solid State Drive) in a computer system.

Introduction to VirtualBox

– Installing Operating Systems: Practical guidance on installing operating systems (Windows, Linux) within VirtualBox virtual machines.

– App Installation on OS: Learning the process of installing and managing applications within virtualized operating systems.

System Software & Application Software

– System Software: Exploring system-level software such as operating systems, device drivers, and utility programs.

– Application Software: Understanding application software, including productivity tools, media players, games, etc., and their functionalities.

Introduction to Networking

– Basic Networking Concepts: Covering essential networking concepts such as protocols, IP addressing, subnetting, and network topologies.

introduction to electricity

What is electricity?
In this section, participants will learn about the fundamental concept of electricity, including its definition, properties, and importance in powering electronic devices and systems. They will explore topics such as electric charge, conductors, insulators, and the behavior of electricity in circuits.

What is an Electron?
Here, participants will delve into the world of subatomic particles by understanding the role of electrons in electricity. They will learn about electron properties, electron movement in atoms, and how electrons contribute to electric current flow in conductive materials.

Atomic module
This section will focus on the atomic structure of matter and its relevance to electronics. Participants will explore the nucleus, protons, neutrons, and electrons within an atom, gaining insights into electron orbitals, energy levels, and electron interactions in different materials.

Voltage, Current, Resistance, Power & Energy
In this comprehensive section, participants will learn about key electrical parameters such as voltage, current, resistance, power, and energy. They will understand the relationships between these parameters, their units of measurement, and their significance in electronic circuits and systems.

Alternate and Direct Current
Participants will differentiate between alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) in this section. They will learn about the characteristics, applications, and advantages of AC and DC, gaining a deeper understanding of how these currents power various electronic devices and appliances.

What is a Circuit?
Here, participants will explore the concept of an electric circuit. They will learn about circuit components, circuit diagrams, and the flow of electric current within a circuit. Participants will also understand different types of circuits, such as series circuits and parallel circuits, and their practical applications.

Introduction of PCB (Printed Circuit Board)
This section introduces participants to Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) and their role in modern electronics. Participants will learn about PCB design, fabrication processes, and the advantages of using PCBs for electronic circuit assembly and integration.

Series and Parallel
Participants will learn about series and parallel connections in electronic circuits. They will understand how components are connected in series and parallel configurations, the effects on voltage, current, and resistance, and the applications of these connections in circuit design and analysis.

SMD (Surface Mount Device) and PTH (Pin Through-Hole)
In this final section, participants will explore Surface Mount Device (SMD) and Pin Through-Hole (PTH) technologies. They will learn about SMD and PTH components, their characteristics, advantages, and applications in electronic circuitry. Participants will also gain practical insights into soldering techniques for SMD and PTH components.

Electronics Components


In this section, participants will be introduced to various electronic components, including their names, symbols, and denoting letters. They will gain an understanding of how these components are represented in circuit diagrams and electronic schematics.


In this section, students will learn about resistors and their crucial role in electronic circuits.

-Introduction: Students will understand the basic concept and function of resistors in electrical circuits.

-Unit table: The unit table for measuring resistance in ohms (Ω) will be explained, aiding students in resistor selection.

-Series voltage divide parallel current divide: Applications of resistors in series voltage division and parallel current division circuits will be explored.

-Resistor working on AC and DC: Participants will understand the behavior of resistors in both AC (Alternating Current) and DC (Direct Current) circuits.

-Pull-up/down Circuit: The exploration of pull-up and pull-down circuits will demonstrate their significance in establishing digital logic levels.

-Types of Resistors based on shape and standard: Different types of resistors, such as through-hole and surface mount resistors, will be discussed.

-Color code calculation for PTH Resistors: Participants will learn how to decode color bands on Plated Through-Hole (PTH) resistors to determine resistance values.

-Code calculation for SMD Resistors: The decoding of alphanumeric codes on Surface Mount Device (SMD) resistors will be covered.


This section introduces capacitors and their applications in electronic circuits.

-Introduction: Students will gain an understanding of capacitors and their importance in electronic systems.

-Internal structure: The internal structure of capacitors, including two conductive plates separated by a dielectric, will be explained.

-Unit table: Capacitance measurement in farads (F) will be explored to help students specify capacitor values.

-Working of capacitor on series parallel: Applications of capacitors in series and parallel configurations will be covered.

-Working of capacitor on AC and DC: Capacitor behavior in both AC and DC circuits will be discussed.

-Types of Capacitor based on polarity and shape: Different capacitor types, such as electrolytic and ceramic capacitors, will be explored.


This section introduces inductors and their role in electronic circuits.

-Introduction: Students will understand the basic function and importance of inductors.

-Working principle: The working principle of inductors in generating inductance and magnetic fields will be explained.


In this section, students will learn about transformers and their applications.

-Introduction: The basic concept and function of transformers will be covered.

-Types of Transformer: Different types of transformers, such as step-up and step-down transformers, will be discussed.


Participants will learn about diodes and their applications in electronic circuits.

-Introduction: The fundamental concept of diodes and their function will be explained.

-Internal structure: The internal structure of diodes, including semiconductor materials and PN junctions, will be explored.

-Types of diodes: Different types of diodes, such as rectifier diodes and zener diodes, will be discussed.

-Diode working in series and parallel: Behavior of diodes in series and parallel circuits will be covered.

-Diode working in AC and DC: Diode behavior in AC and DC circuits will be explained.

-Full Bridge Rectifier Circuit: The operation and application of full bridge rectifiers will be discussed.


This section introduces transistors and their various types.

-Introduction: Students will understand the fundamental concept of transistors.

-Different types: The different types of transistors, including BJT and MOSFET, will be discussed.

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)

-Introduction: Basic understanding of Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT) and their significance.

-PNP & NPN: Different configurations of BJT, including PNP and NPN types, will be explained.

-Internal structure PNP: Participants will explore the internal structure of PNP transistors.

-Working of NPN and PNP: The operation and working principles of NPN and PNP transistors will be covered.

-Transistor working: Confidential course material will be provided to explain the working of transistors.

Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor Field-Effect Transistor (MOSFET)

-Introduction: Understanding Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFET) and their applications.

-P-channel and N-channel: Different configurations of MOSFET, including P-channel and N-channel types, will be explained.

-Internal structure P-channel MOSFET: Participants will explore the internal structure of P-channel MOSFETs.

-Working of P-channel and N-channel: The operation and working principles of P-channel and N-channel MOSFETs will be discussed.

Logic Gates

This section introduces logic gates and their applications in digital electronics.

-Introduction to logic gate: Understanding the basic concept and function of logic gates.

-Types of logic Gate: Exploring different types of logic gates such as AND, OR, NAND, and NOR gates.

-Symbols: Learning the symbols used to represent logic gates in circuit diagrams.

-Truth Table: Understanding the truth table of logic gates, showing their logic operations.

-Logic gate circuits: Exploring circuits built using logic gates.

-Types of logic: Differentiating between combinational and sequential logic.

-Example of RAM with combinational logic: Demonstrating how RAM works using combinational logic.


This section introduces Operational Amplifiers (Op-Amps) and their applications.

-Introduction to Op-Amp: Understanding the basic concept and function of Op-Amps.

-Inverting non-inverting terminal: Exploring the inputs of Op-Amps and their configurations.

-Gain: Understanding the gain of Op-Amps and its significance.

-Output: Exploring the output characteristics of Op-Amps.

-Feedback: Learning about feedback mechanisms in Op-Amp circuits.


Participants will learn about crystals and their applications in electronic circuits.

-Introduction: Understanding the basic concept and function of crystals in electronic systems.

-Types of Crystal: Exploring different types of crystals used in electronics.

-Checking method: Understanding how to check and test crystals for their properties.

Integrated Circuit

In this section, students will be introduced to Integrated Circuits (ICs) and their components.

– Introduction to IC: Understanding the basic concept and function of Integrated Circuits.

– Basic requirements of IC: Exploring the essential components and connections in an IC.

– Vin, Gnd, Ref, (clk, data, signal) En, Output, FB, PG: Understanding the various pins and connections in an IC and their functions.

Component Testing Theory for Practical Application

Learning about Multimeters: In this module, students will learn about different types of multimeters (analog and digital). They will explore various modes on a multimeter, including buzzer mode for short circuit checking, diode mode for checking diodes and measuring diode values, resistance and impedance measurement, capacitance mode, and AC/DC modes. Additionally, students will become familiar with common multimeter brands and learn how to select a multimeter based on their needs and budget.

Components of a Laptop Logic Board: After learning about different electronic components, students will learn to identify these components in a laptop. This includes everything from large microprocessors/controllers and super I/O chips to small MOSFETs and even smaller capacitors and resistors.

Checking Process: At this stage, students will learn how to check each component and understand why specific modes are used for these checks. This section serves as a guide for component testing and explains the reasoning behind each method. Students will apply this knowledge in their hands-on skill development class, where they will use tools like hot air guns or soldering irons to test the components they have removed.

Schematic and Datasheet Level Laptop Repair Training in Kathmandu, Nepal

Our chip-level laptop repairing training in Kathmandu, Nepal, is crafted to provide students with the technical expertise needed to excel in the field of electronics repair. This course emphasizes the use of laptop schematics and IC datasheets, ensuring that students can navigate and understand these critical documents. By mastering schematic-based laptop repairing, students will learn to identify, diagnose, and fix intricate issues within a laptop’s circuitry, gaining a thorough understanding of how different components interact within the system.

In this schematics-based laptop repairing training in Kathmandu, Nepal, students will delve deep into the intricacies of laptop design. They will be trained to read and interpret complex schematics, which are essential for troubleshooting and repairing laptops at the chip level. Understanding these schematics will enable students to pinpoint faults with precision, making them adept at handling advanced repair tasks.

Moreover, our datasheet-based laptop repairing training in Kathmandu, Nepal, equips students with the skills to utilize IC datasheets effectively. These datasheets contain vital information about the integrated circuits used in laptops, such as pin configurations, voltage requirements, and functional descriptions. By learning to extract and apply this information, students will enhance their ability to perform detailed repairs, ensuring that each component functions correctly within the laptop.

Our comprehensive curriculum is designed to cater to non-English speakers, with a focus on clear, straightforward instruction. This approach ensures that all students, regardless of their language proficiency, can fully grasp the technical concepts and practical skills taught in the course. By the end of the training, students will not only be able to read and understand schematics and datasheets but will also be capable of applying this knowledge to real-world repair scenarios, making them proficient and confident in their chip-level laptop repairing skills.

Advance Level Laptop Repair Training Theory

Block Diagram – Schematic Diagram – Datasheets

Introduction to Laptop OEMs and Generations

This module introduces students to Laptop Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) like Compal and Quanta. These companies produce boards commonly used in various laptop brands. The module also covers different processor generations, which significantly impact laptop board design and functionality.

Understanding OEMs and processor generations is essential for grasping the technical aspects of laptop components. This knowledge helps students comprehend how laptops are built and how processor advancements influence their performance.

By studying these topics, students will develop a solid foundation in laptop technology, enabling them to analyze and work with different laptop models effectively.

RTC Section

In this segment, students will gain insights into the Real-Time Clock (RTC) circuit and its crucial role in managing time and date on laptops. They will delve into the specifics of the RTC crystal, understanding why its frequency is precisely 32.768 kHz. Additionally, students will learn about the power sources that sustain the RTC, including the battery and standby modes.

Furthermore, students will explore the different types of circuits and diodes utilized in the RTC circuit, as well as various outputs such as rtc_rst#, intvrmen, and intruder signals.

Voltage in Section

The journey through the voltage section begins with the adapter. Here, students will familiarize themselves with various pins in the adapter, such as PSID/ADID, positive, and negative pins. Understanding these pins is foundational as they form the interface between the laptop and the power supply.

As students progress, they will learn to interpret and follow schematics, a crucial skill in navigating the intricacies of laptop electronics. This skill will guide them as they delve deeper into the voltage section.

Moving forward, students will encounter components like ACFET and RBFET. ACFET, or AC Field-Effect Transistor, plays a pivotal role in controlling AC power, while RBFET, or Reverse Blocking FET, manages reverse current flow. Understanding the functions and specifications of these components is essential for comprehending the voltage management system.

Additionally, students will explore the diverse requirements of voltage in this section with the help of datasheets specific to voltage management ICs. They will encounter terms such as acdetect (AC Detection), OVP (Over Voltage Protection), VCC (Voltage Supply), ACOK (AC OK Signal), ACIN (AC Input Voltage), ACP, ACN, and IOUT (Current Output). Mastering these requirements provides students with a holistic view of voltage management in laptops.

The culmination of this section leads students to CLR (Clear) line, where voltage is distributed to different sections of the laptop. This final step ensures that all components receive the required power for optimal functionality.

By the end of this section, students will have gained a thorough understanding of the voltage management system, from adapter pins to voltage distribution, empowering them to analyze and troubleshoot voltage-related issues in laptops effectively.

Charging Section

Similar to how the voltage section starts with the adapter, the charging section is positioned between CLR and the battery. In this section, students will learn about PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) and understand why PWM is important over linear regulation in certain cases.

Next, we will study the pins of PWM controllers such as HIDRV (High-Side Driver), LDRV (Low-Side Driver), PHASE (Switching Node), BOOT (Bootstrap), VOUT (Output Voltage), and Feedback (FB).

Following this, we will examine the battery connector and its pins, including SCL (Serial Clock Line), SDA (Serial Data Line), TEMP (Temperature), BAT+ (Battery Positive), and BAT- (Battery Negative).

Finally, we will explore the charging IC and its pins, such as SRN (Sense Resistor Negative), SRP (Sense Resistor Positive), BATDRV (Battery Drive), and CHARGEEN# (Charge Enable).

SMPS 3V_5V system

Power from the CLR line is distributed to various sections within a laptop. One of these crucial sections is the 3V and 5V step-down section. Given its involvement in switching operations, we prioritize studying this section first. In this section, students will learn about the various power supplies generated here, converted from the CLR line. These include 3V and 5V from PWM controllers, 2V, 3V, and 5V from regulators, and 12V/15V/19V generated from boost converters or switched from the CLR line. They will also learn the various pins of the ICs in this section, such as reference pins TONSEL, SKIPSEL, ENTRIP, ENABLE, LDO ENABLE, and will learn about the pin details of PWM controllers for both 3V and 5V, and understand where these power supplies are routed within the laptop.

Switching Stages and Basic Requirements of Super I/O

In this section, students will delve into the role of the Super I/O chip in power management and switching within a laptop. They will understand how the Super I/O coordinates with other components to manage power states and transitions between different operational modes.

Sleep Stages: Students will learn about the various sleep stages, including S5, S4, S3, and S0. These stages are crucial for power conservation and efficient power usage in laptops. Understanding these stages helps in diagnosing power-related issues and optimizing power usage.

DC-to-DC Interface: Students will explore the DC-to-DC interface, where the power supplies generated from the 3V/5V step-down converters are switched to different parts of the laptop. This interface is vital for ensuring that each component receives the correct voltage for proper operation.

As part of understanding the basic requirements of the Super I/O chip and the switching process, students will learn about the important pins of the Super I/O, such as VCC, AVCC, Thermal Protection with Voltage Divider Circuit, EC_RST/WRST, Frequency for SIO, LIDSW#, ON, OFF SW/PWRBTN, RSMRST#. Additionally, they will study the sleep stages like SLP_S5, SLP_S4, SLP_S3 and the switching supplies like SUSP# and RUNON#.

By the end of this section, students will have a comprehensive understanding of how the Super I/O chip and related components manage power distribution and transitions between different power states, enabling them to troubleshoot and optimize power management in laptops effectively.

RAM Section

In this section, students will learn about the different types of RAM (Random Access Memory) and their corresponding voltages. This includes understanding various generations of RAM, such as DDR, DDR2, DDR3, DDR4, and DDR5, and their specific voltage requirements. Students will also explore the role of the PWM IC (Pulse Width Modulation Integrated Circuit) in stepping down the voltage for RAM modules.

Additionally, students will learn about the importance of VTT voltage and its role in RAM operations. This section will provide a comprehensive overview of how RAM modules receive and manage power. By the end of this section, students will be equipped with the knowledge to troubleshoot and optimize memory performance in laptops effectively.


In this section, students will learn about the power supply requirements for GMCH (Graphics and Memory Controller Hub), ICH (I/O Controller Hub), or PCH (Platform Controller Hub). Understanding these requirements is essential for ensuring the proper functioning of these critical components within a laptop.

Students will explore the various regulators and PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) controllers that supply power to these chips. This includes studying the different types of regulators and PWM controllers, and how they ensure stable and appropriate voltage levels for GMCH, ICH, or PCH. Knowledge of these components is crucial for diagnosing and fixing power-related issues.

Additionally, students will learn about the important signals associated with these regulators, PWM controllers, and chips. These signals play a vital role in the operation and coordination of the power supply. By the end of this section, students will have a comprehensive understanding of the power management for GMCH, ICH, or PCH, enabling them to effectively troubleshoot and optimize the performance of these components in laptops.

CPU Section

In this section, students will learn about the different power supplies required by the CPU, such as VCCP and CPU_CORE. Understanding these supplies is crucial for ensuring the CPU operates correctly. Students will also explore the voltage identification (VID) lines that facilitate communication between the CPU and the PWM IC responsible for regulating the CPU’s power. This includes studying how the VID lines help in dynamically adjusting the CPU voltage based on its performance requirements. Additionally, students will learn about the enable section of the CPU power supply, which ensures that the CPU receives power only when the necessary conditions are met.

Furthermore, students will understand the prerequisites on the motherboard that must be satisfied before the CPU power supply is activated. These prerequisites include ensuring that the power supplies for other critical components, such as RAM, GMCH/ICH, or PCH, are stable and operational. By the end of this section, students will have a comprehensive understanding of the power requirements and management for the CPU, enabling them to troubleshoot and optimize CPU performance effectively.

Graphics Section

In this section, students will explore the intricacies of different graphics configurations, specifically focusing on discrete and UMA (Unified Memory Architecture) graphics. They will delve into understanding the distinct power requirements and differences of each type. For instance, discrete graphics involve a separate graphics card with its own dedicated GPU and memory, providing higher performance for graphics-intensive tasks. On the other hand, UMA graphics are integrated into the CPU or chipset, sharing system RAM and offering a more cost-effective and power-efficient solution for general computing tasks.

Additionally, students will learn about the generation of graphic supply within a computer system. This includes gaining insights into the power supply requirements for both discrete graphics and UMA graphics, which are essential for understanding the overall system architecture. Furthermore, students will also learn about certain laptop models that support graphic conversion from discrete to UMA in case of discrete graphic failure.

LVDS Section

In laptops, there is a dedicated section for the display, known as the LVDS (Low-Voltage Differential Signaling) section. In this section, students will learn about the various supplies present in the display connector and understand how these supplies are routed to the display. They will explore the different voltage levels and signals required for the display to function correctly, gaining insight into the intricate connections between the motherboard and the display panel. This knowledge is crucial for comprehending the overall operation and troubleshooting of laptop display systems.

HDMI, USB, SSD, Audio, Network Section

After having learned the core components and sections, students will be asked to study the HDMI, USB, SSD, Audio, and Network sections independently. Guidance will be provided only in challenging situations. This approach is designed to foster self-reliance and problem-solving skills, which are essential for mastering complex systems.

Students will investigate the requirements and functionalities of these sections, creating their own notes and documentation. This self-study will help them develop the ability to analyze and understand various components on their own, preparing them for real-world scenarios and enhancing their overall technical proficiency.

Power Sequence

In this section, students will explore and understand the power sequence in laptops. They will delve into the intricate steps and components involved in the power sequence, such as the initialization of the power supply unit (PSU), activation of the motherboard, and the order in which different components receive power during startup.

Students will gain knowledge about various supply sources, regulators, and conversion processes essential for the proper functioning of laptop power systems. They will also learn about the triggers that initiate specific power-related actions, such as the role of the power button in starting up the laptop and the sequence of events during a shutdown process.

By understanding the intricacies of the power sequence, students will be equipped with the skills to analyze and address power-related issues effectively, ensuring the smooth operation and reliability of laptops in various usage scenarios.

Advanced Hardware Analysis and Repair Techniques for Advance Level Laptop Repair


The disassembly process is fundamental in chip-level laptop repair. Students will be guided through safely dismantling laptops, starting with removing the bottom cover, keyboard, screen, and other external components. This hands-on experience lays the groundwork for understanding the internal structure of laptops, preparing students for more intricate repair tasks.

Motherboard Tracing with Boardview Software

Once inside the laptop, students will delve into motherboard tracing using boardview software. This powerful tool allows students to visualize the motherboard layout, identify components, and track their pathways in a digital format. By integrating boardview software into their training, students gain a deeper understanding of how components are interconnected and can efficiently diagnose and troubleshoot circuitry issues.

Hot Air Gun and Soldering Iron Usage

Proper use of tools like hot air guns and soldering irons is crucial in chip-level repair. Students will receive comprehensive training on using a hot air gun for de-soldering and re-flowing components, ensuring precise temperature control to prevent damage. They will also learn soldering iron techniques for safely removing and replacing components, essential skills for advanced repair tasks.

Component Testing with Multimeter

In chip-level repair, component testing is essential for diagnosing hardware issues accurately. Students will learn how to use a multimeter to measure resistance, voltage, and continuity, allowing them to identify faulty components with precision. This testing process is crucial for verifying proper functionality after component replacement, ensuring reliable laptop repairs.

Advanced BIOS Flashing and EC Programming

In this section, students will delve into advanced techniques for BIOS flashing, editing, and EC (Embedded Controller) programming in laptop repair. Using specialized tools like the RT809F and SVOD, students will gain hands-on experience in performing BIOS updates, customization, and EC programming, essential for resolving firmware-related issues and enhancing system performance.

BIOS Flashing and Editing

Students will learn how to update and customize BIOS firmware using tools like the RT809F, which enables them to flash BIOS chips directly on the motherboard. They will also explore BIOS editing techniques to modify settings, unlock features, and troubleshoot compatibility issues. This hands-on training empowers students to effectively manage BIOS firmware for optimal laptop performance.

Embedded Controller (EC) Programming

The section will also cover EC programming using tools like the SVOD, allowing students to reprogram EC chips and resolve issues related to power management, keyboard functionality, and system stability. Students will gain proficiency in reading, writing, and verifying EC firmware, enhancing their ability to address complex hardware challenges.

Troubleshooting and Advanced Firmware Management

Throughout this section, students will engage in practical exercises and case studies to troubleshoot common firmware-related issues in laptops. They will learn advanced firmware management techniques, including backing up and restoring BIOS settings, managing firmware versions, and addressing firmware corruption issues. By mastering BIOS flashing, editing, and EC programming, students will be equipped to tackle a wide range of firmware-related challenges in laptop repair.

Live Laptop Repair Demonstrations

In this section, students will have the unique opportunity to witness live laptop repair demonstrations conducted by our experienced instructors. These real-world cases provide invaluable insights into the troubleshooting process, as students observe firsthand how professionals diagnose and repair customers’ laptops.

Utilizing Bench PSU and Analyzing Current/Voltage

During the demonstrations, instructors will showcase the use of a bench power supply unit (PSU) to simulate power conditions and analyze current and voltage readings. Students will learn how to interpret these readings to identify potential hardware issues such as power supply failures, voltage fluctuations, and component malfunctions.

Practical Advice and Troubleshooting Strategies

The demonstrations will also include practical advice and troubleshooting strategies shared by the instructors. Students will gain valuable tips on efficient diagnostic workflows, component isolation techniques, and systematic troubleshooting approaches. This hands-on learning experience equips students with the skills and confidence to tackle similar laptop repair scenarios effectively.

Interactive Learning and Q&A Sessions

The live demonstrations encourage interactive learning, allowing students to ask questions, seek clarification, and engage in discussions with the instructors. This collaborative environment fosters a deeper understanding of repair concepts, troubleshooting methodologies, and best practices in laptop repair.

Enhancing Practical Skills

By observing and analyzing the repair process in real-time, students enhance their practical skills and develop a keen eye for identifying and resolving laptop issues. They gain practical insights into using diagnostic tools, interpreting diagnostic results, and implementing effective repair strategies, preparing them for real-world challenges in laptop repair.

Empowering the Next Generation: Alliance The Best Laptop Repairing Training Center in Kathmandu, Nepal

Our laptop chip-level repair training course is unmatched in its depth and comprehensiveness. We cover all facets of chip-level repair, from schematic analysis to BIOS programming, using the latest tools and equipment. Our curriculum is meticulously crafted to provide a holistic understanding of laptop repair, ensuring that our students are proficient in handling even the most complex issues.

One of our standout features is our experienced faculty, comprising industry veterans with extensive hands-on experience in laptop chip-level repair. They bring a wealth of knowledge and practical insights to the classroom, enhancing the learning experience and offering invaluable guidance to our students.

The success stories of our alumni speak volumes about the quality of our training. Many have forged successful careers in the electronics repair industry, attributing their achievements to the comprehensive education and practical skills gained during their time with us. Their accomplishments are a testament to the effectiveness of our training program and the dedication of our faculty.

Feedback from our students reinforces our commitment to excellence. They praise our state-of-the-art facilities, hands-on learning approach, and the personalized attention they receive from instructors. Numerous students endorse Alliance as the premier laptop chip-level training center in Nepal, highlighting the transformative impact our course has had on their careers and professional growth.

In conclusion, our laptop chip-level repair training course is more than just a program—it’s a gateway to success in the dynamic field of electronics repair. With a comprehensive curriculum, experienced faculty, and a proven track record of student success, Alliance stands as a beacon of excellence in laptop chip-level training in Nepal.


Posted on

12 June 2024

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